2. Hyperplasia or endometrial polyps
These two pathologies present precancerous conditions of the uterine mucous membrane. They result from chronically high level of estrogen, in the absence of any stabilizing progesterone impact.
Risk factors of this pathology include:
- Absence of registered pregnancies in medical history;
- Late menopause (after the age of 55);
- Long-term absence of ovulation (including such, induced by hormonal contraceptives);
- Diabetes mellitus;
- Intake of certain drugs, etc.
In most cases, women with endometrial precancer, consult the gynecologist with the concern “why won’t my period stop?”, since uterine bleeding tends to become prolonged and rather irregular. Often, such complaints arise in the period of the decline of reproductive function (after the age of 45-50).
Treatment of hyperplasia is prescribed by the doctor, based on the form of the disease and its advancement. Polyps are usually subject to surgical excision, with subsequent curettage of the uterine cavity.